Minshall/Painter Mysteries

By Shannon Crowe

When looking at the collection at Lachford Hall, it is easy to focus on the many large pieces of furniture, but there are also many small items of great interest including two pieces of folk art displayed on a fireplace mantel originating from the Painter generation. Both pieces hold unmistakable similarities, yet they also have predominant differences that raise a number of questions.

"M Painter 1811"

“M Painter 1811”

The illustrations are ink and watercolor on paper, materials which were easily accessible at the time of origin. The first illustration is a freehand, naturalistic motif that displays an image of a flowering plant and birds. At the bottom of the piece there is an inscription band which reads “M. Painter 1811” that clearly identifies the piece with the Painter Family.  The other piece is also a freehand illustration created with ink and watercolor that depicts the profile of young woman, a cat and birds. Similarly, this illustration has an inscription band which appears to read “Sarah Painter 1811,” although there is a small motif that partially obstructs the band.

SPainter Drawing 2

“Sarah Painter 1811”

The parallels that can be drawn between the two pieces are substantial. Primarily, the birds depicted in each illustration appear to be of the same hand and variety. Additionally, the inscription bands also share the same appearance and are both dated 1811.


There is a great mystery within these illustrations and many theories attempt to answer the unknown. The first explanation, which is also supported by Tyler’s catalog entries, is that Minshall Painter created the naturalistic painting, and Sarah Painter created the profile piece. This theory assumes that the inscription bands chiefly distinguish the artists. However, some difficulties arise with this belief. In 1811, Minshall Painter would have only been 10 years old and Sarah Painter would have only been 7 years old. The work seems to be a bit too sophisticated to be created by a 10- and 7-year-old. Another theory is that Minshall Painter illustrated both pieces. Yet, the question of artistic ability at such a young age develop with this theory as well. Again, the paintings are naïve, but well-executed and may be too complex to have been created by a 10-year-old Minshall. Also, the profile illustration seems to be of a young woman, not a 7-year-old Sarah Painter. The last theory is that an itinerant painter was hired and painted both pieces. Itinerant painters were commonly known to travel from door-to-door offering their services of painting portraits, animals and naturalistic scenes for a small fee in this time period.


Lois Brooks, one of Tyler’s dedicated volunteers and historic guides recently gave us her preferred theory:

“​​​I think that, at the very least, the drawing and coloring of the three flowers in the M. Painter illustration and the drawing of the girl in profile on the Sarah Painter illustration and the floral design around the top rim were done by a “professional” artist. ​​(The girl looks rather generically thin and attractive for that Jane Austen period. Since we know that Enos Painter and his brothers were not particularly attractive, I suspect this may not be Sarah.)

But there is coloring on both the illustrations that could have been done by a neat child that was supervised by an adult. And on the Sarah illustration there are two animals that have been cut out and pasted rather amateurishly over work underneath that probably was deemed sloppy by someone.

Since in 1811 there probably weren’t stores in West Chester where the family could have purchased these, it’s possible that some itinerant peddler sold these to the family for finishing by a child or a visitor from Philadelphia brought them to the house and that the Painter children may have added the coloring.”

Whichever theory is true, the two pieces add great visual interest to the many unsolved mysteries and unanswered questions in the history of the collection at Tyler Arboretum.

Middle Farm

By Chris Lawler

The land which would become Middle Farm was part of the original 1681 Penn grant to Thomas Minshall. This parcel was passed down through several inheritances until the early 1790’s when Sarah Minshall, with her husband James Starr, constructed buildings and established residency. Sarah died in 1811, and when James passed just a year later, the property fell out of the Minshall-Painter-Tyler lineage until Enos Painter, father of Jacob and Minshall Painter, purchased it in 1846.

The area that is now Tyler Arboretum flourished under the watch of Enos Painter, with five operating and self-sustaining farms, a saw mill, a clover mill, and many other ventures. Middle Farm was named so as its location fell between the Home Farm and Round Top. It was here that Jacob Painter resided in a large stone house from 1846 to 1857, and Anne Tyler would utilize it as a summer home during this period. Productive in dairy, fruit and vegetable yields, Middle Farm existed as a tenant farm from the mid-1800’s well into the 1900’s when the farming operations began to wind down.

The buildings of Middle Farm, consisting of the stone house, a spring house and a large barn, were deemed unnecessary for operations when Tyler Arboretum came to be in mid-1940’s, and they quickly fell into disrepair. Razed in 1963, there is very little evidence left today of their precise positioning on the land, and the existing photo documentation does not reveal a great deal. However, if we walk just a few hundred yards out on the Rocky Run Trail, we can use our imagination.

As we just begin to see a clearing way up ahead on the trail, we’ll encounter a little spring on our left, affectionately called Mossy Run by some. Glancing down towards Rocky Run from this point, we’d be looking at the spring house. Turning to our right and looking up the hill, we’d see the rear of the stone house. And farther down up on the right, on the edge of that clearing, there would be a large barn facing us. We have to pretend that none of the trees are around us, too- the landscape would be vastly different.

Middle Farm meadow, 2012 (photo by Chris Lawler)

Middle Farm meadow, 2012 (photo by Chris Lawler)

If we move on to the clearing up ahead and take the first right up the steep hill along the side of the meadow, we can see what is left of the barn’s foundation near the point where the trails diverge. This location is best viewed in the winter months, when the foliage and undergrowth is diminished. The yellow markings tell us we’re now on the Middle Farm Trail, which is a lovely walk to further explore this unique area of the Arboretum, quite rich in history and beauty.